Types of gymnastics

What are the different types of Gymnastics you know?

Alice Taylor Sports for kids

What are the different types of Gymnastics you know?

Types of gymnastics
Types of gymnastics

what is gymnastics and types of gymnastics?

Gymnastics is a broad term used to describe a range of physical activities dating back to the Egyptians in 2000 B.C.

Several other ancient societies have also documented various types of gymnastic sport in relation to conditioning and health.

The more modern competitive gymnastics is based on the work of Freidrich Jahn, who developed apparatus including rings, parallel bars, pommel horse, and horizontal bar, with the primary purpose of developing and training strength.

There are three gymnastics groups. Each group includes many types of gymnastics.

The health goal of all types is to support human health as Gymnastics is aimed at developing and improving physical qualities.

In this article, For kids will tell you the main different forms of gymnastics and what is official and what is not and the purpose of each type.

1- Official types of gymnastics

a- Artistic gymnastics

Men's Artistic gymnastics

Men’s gymnastics is a popular form of gymnastics and the oldest form, which started in the first Olympic Games.

Males compete individually and in teams for 6 different activities:

  • floor exercises,
  • Pommel Horse,
  • vaults,
  • rings,
  • high bars, and
  • parallel bars.

Women's Artistic gymnastics

This is the best-known form of gymnastics with the largest number of participants.

Women compete for individual and team titles in four different races:

  • uneven parallel bars,
  • vault, and
  • floor exercises.

In fact, female gymnastics is often considered a perfect combination of strength, flexibility, and elegance.

Rhythmic gymnastics is an Olympic game Since 1984 and females only can participate.

A single Woman or a team of 5 compete with 5 different apparatus including:

c- Acrobatic gymnastics

It is part of the United States and International Youth Olympics Program.

The team consists of 2 to 4 people of the same sex or mixed.

players perform a show without using external instruments. They jump, hold, and balance on each other, while other team members throw and catch up with their teammates.

d- Trampoline

Trampoline is a quite new kind of gymnastics, recognized as the Olympics Games that began in 2000.

In trampoline, the gymnast uses a double mini trampoline to perform tricks.

In synchronous events, 2 athletes perform 2 varied trampolines simultaneously.

Both women and men can participate in this type of gymnastics.

e- Power tumbling

Power Tumbling game is performed on a sprung tumbling track, where gymnasts do an explosive series of flips and twists.

Tumbling pass consists of a series of 8 elements which is more complex and require high skills.

2- Improving gymnastics

General gymnastics

Running, walking briskly, overcoming various obstacles, etc. All this improves motor skills.

Hygienic gymnastics

Light exercises without weighing and gymnastic equipment increase overall tone and improve well-being.

Power gymnastics

Exercises with weights: dumbbells, kettlebells, a barbell develop strength, train endurance, which ultimately contributes to muscle building.

Rhythmic gymnastics

Energetic, rhythmic exercises performed to music are aimed at burning calories and training the heart muscle (cardio exercises).

3- Applied gymnastics


Gymnastic classes improve the state of health of the patient. They are conducted under the supervision of a physician.

Usually, elements of therapeutic gymnastics are used for diseases of the respiratory organs, cardiovascular system, and musculoskeletal system.

Military-applied gymnastics

Improves the qualities required in military operations.

Sports-applied gymnastics

Its elements are used by professional athletes when preparing for competitions.

Professional-applied gymnastics

Exercises are adapted to certain professions that require physical exertion. Such complexes are used by astronauts, firefighters, rescuers, pilots, etc.